T.E.R:R.A.I.N - Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network


Weeds & Escapee Plants: A to F (Common names with photo)

Weeds & Escapee Plants

Of the 24 700 introduced plants currently in New Zealand, 10% will establish in the wild, and 10% of these will become serious weeds.
The common names of plants often vary from region to region, which is why most plant encyclopedias refer to plants using their binomial names. Since many plants have multiply names we have listed them by the most common name used in New Zealand.

On this page plants are listed in alphabetical order by their most common names. A to F

Binomial names in alphabetical order can found in the link panel on the left hand side of the page or at http://www.terrain.net.nz/friends-of-te-henui-group/weeds.html 

Weeds and Escapee Plants: G to L (Common names)

Weeds and Escapee Plants: M to Q (Common names)

Weeds and Escapee Plants: R to Z (Common names)


African Clubmoss (Selaginella kraussiana) 


African corn lily (Genus:Ixia)   


African feather grass (Pennisetum macrourum)


African Fountain Grass (Pennisetum setaceum)


Agapanthus (Agapanthus praecox)  


Alligator weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides)


Allseed (Polycarpon tetraphyllum)


Aluminium plant (Lamiastrum galeobdolon)


Alyssum (Lobularia maritima) 


Amaranth (Green) Amaranthus lividus


Amarantus (Mat) Amaranthus graecizans 


Amaranth (Prostrate) Amaranthus deflexus 


Amaranth (Redroot) Amaranthus spp 


Angel's trumpet (Brugmansia candida)


Annual yellow sweetclover (Melilotus indicus)


Apple of Peru (Nicanda physalodes)


Apple of Sodom (Solanum linnaeanum)

Aristea (Aristea ecklonii)


Asparagus fern (Asparagus scandens) 


Australian fireweed (Senecio bipinnatisectus) 


Australian sedge (Carex longebrachiata)


Australian ngaio (Myoporum insulare)


Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellate)


Azolla (Azolla filiculoides) 


Balloon vine (Cardiospermum grandiflorum)  


Balloon vine (Small) Cardiospermum halicacabum


Bomarea (Bomarea multiflora)


Banana passion fruit (Passiflora tripartita var. azuayensis)


Banana passion fruit (Passiflora tarminiana)


Banana passionfruit (Passiflora tripartita var. mollissima) 


Banksia (Coastal) Banksia integrifol


Barberry (Berberis darwinii) 


Bartlettina (Bartlettina sordida)


Beaked hawksbeard (Crepis vesicaria)


Bear's breeches (Acanthus mollis) 


Bedstraw (Cleaver) Galium aparine  


Beet (Beta vulgaris)


Bidibid (Acaena novae-zelandiae)


Bindweed (Black) Fallopia convolvulus


Bitter lettuce (Lactuca virosa) 


Bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta) 


Bittersweet (Solanum dulcamara)


Black medick (Medicago lupulina)


Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus)   


Blazing star (Liatris species)


Blue lupin (Lupinus angustifolius) 


Bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta) 


Bluemink (Ageratum houstonianum)


Blue oxalis (Parochetus communis)


Blue spur flower (Plectranthus ciliatus) 


Blue spur flower (Plectranthus ciliatus)


Bogbean (Menyanthes trifoliata)


Bomarea (Bomarea multiflora)


Boneseed (Chrysanthemoides monilifera)


Borage (White) Borago officinalis


Borage (Blue) Borago officinalis  


Boxthorn (Lycium ferocissimum)


Brazilian whitlow (Paronychia brasiliana)


Bristly Oxtongue (Helminthotheca echioides)


Broom (Common) Cytisus scoparius 


Broom (Sweet) Genista stenopetala  


Broomrape ( Orobanche minor)


Buddleia (Orange eye) Buddleja davidii  


Buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum)


Bulbous rush (Juncus bulbosus)


Burdock (Arctium minus)


Bush Wattle (Paraserianthes lophantha) 


Buttercup bush (Senna septemtrionalis)   


Buttercup (Giant) Ranunculus acris


Buttercup (Creeping ) Ranunculus repens
  


California bulrush (Schoenoplectus californicus)


Californian poppy (Eschscholzia californica)


Californian stinkweed (Navarretia squarrosa)  


Canna (Genus) lily


Canna lily (Canna indica) Indian shot


Cape Gooseberry (Physalis peruviana) 


Cape daisy (Arctotheca calendula)  


Cape honey flower (Melianthus major)


Cape honeysuckle (Tecoma capensis)


Caper spurge (Euphorbia lathyris)



Catchfly (Windmill pink) Silene gallica


Cats claw creeper (Macfadyena unguis-cati)


Catsear (Hypochaeris radicata)


Centaury (Centaurium erythraea) 


Century plant, (Agave Americana)


Cestrum (Red) Cestrum elegans


Cestrum (Early jessamine) Cestrum fasciculatum) 


Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis)


Cherry (Sweet) Prunus avium)


Cherry (TaiwanPrunus campanulata


Chickweed (Little Mouse-ear) Cerastium semidecandrum


Chicory (Cichorium intybus)   


Chickweed (Common) Stellaria media 


Chilean rhubarb (Gunnera tinctoria)


Mahonia lomariifolia (Chinese holly grape)


Chinese mugwort (Artemisia verlotiorum)


Chocolate vine (Akebia quinata)


Cineraria (Genus Pericallis)


Clover (Narrow leaved clover) Trifolium angustifolium 


Clover (Haresfoot) Trifolium arvense


Clover (Crimson)Trifolium incarnatum


Clover (Red) Trifolium pratense


Clover (White) Trifolium repens 


Coast banksia (Banksia integrifolia) 



Coastal gazania (Gazania rigens)  Treasure flower


Cocklebur (Xanthium strumarium)


Corn marigold (Glebionis segetum)



Corn spurrey weed (Spergula arvensis)


Cotoneaster (Parney Cotoneaster) Cotoneaster lacteus


Comfrey (Russian) Symphytum × uplandicum


Common reed (Phragmites australis)


Couch (Elymus repens)


Creeping Zinnia (Sanvitalia procumbens)


Crown vetch (Coronilla varia)


Cudweed (Simple-stem cudweed) Gamochaeta simplicicaulis


Cudweed (Gamochaeta coarctata)  


Cotoneaster (Cotoneaster glaucophyllus) 


Cretan brake (Pteris cretica)


Cup and Saucer Vine (Cobaea scandens)


Cypress Spurge (Euphorbia cyparissias) 


Daisy (Common) Bellis perennis  


Daisy (Mexican) Erigeron karvinskianus


Daisy (Oxeye) Leucanthemum vulgare


Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)


Deptford Pink (Dianthus armeria)



Dimorphotheca (Osteospermum fruticosum)  


Dock (Broad-leaved) Rumex obtusifolius


Dock (Climbing) Rumex sagittatus



Dock (Curley) Rumex crispus


Dock (Fiddle) Rumex pulcher


Dovesfoot Cranesbill (Geranium molle) 


Drooping Prickly Pear (Opuntia monacantha)


Duckweed (Lemna minor) 


Echium pininana (Giant bugloss) 


Echium candicans (Pride of Madeira) 



Echium candicans x E. pininana (Cobalt Tower)


Elaeagnus (Elaeagnus x reflexa)


Elderberry (Black) Sambucus nigra


Euphorbia Kea (Euphorbia characias)  


European spindle tree (Euonymus europaeus)


Euonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)  


Everlasting pea (Lathyrus latifolius)


Fairy crassula (Crassula multicava)


False Acacia (Robinia pseudoacacia)


Fathen (Chenopodium album)  


Field Horsetail (Equisetum arvense)


Field Madder (Sherardia arvensis)


Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)  


Fig (Ficus carica)


Fireweed (Senecio minimus)


Firethorn (Pyracantha angustifolia)


Five leaf akebia (Akebia quinata)


Flame Freesia (Genus Tritonia)


Flax (Pale flax) Linum bienne  


Flax (Purging flax) Linum catharticum  


Fleabane (Wavy-leaved) Conyza bonariensis  


Fleabane (CanadianConyza canadensis)   


Fools water cress (Apium nodiflorum) 


Forget-Me-Not (Myosotis sylvatica) 


Formosa lily (Lilium formosanum) 


Foxglove (Purple) Digitalis purpure


Foxglove (White) Digitalis alba


Fruit Salad Plant (Monstera deliciosa)  


Weeds and Escapee Plants Common names: A to F

Weeds and Escapee Plants Common names: G to L

Weeds and Escapee Plants Common names: M to Q

Weeds and Escapee Plants Common names: R to Z



Thanks to Nature Watch  http://naturewatch.org.nz/ for identifying some of these plants.
Thanks to Daves Garden http://davesgarden.com/Bibliography

The Guide to New Zealand's Common Weeds NZ Weed and Pest Control Society
An illustrated Guide to Common Weeds of New Zealand by NZ Plant Protection Society
New Zealand Wild Flowers Handbook by Bishops
Wild Flowers of New Zealand by Owen Bishop
Wild Flowers in New Zealabd by Nancy Adams
Introduced Wildflowers New Zealand Weeds by Gordon Ell
New Zealand in Flower  Alison Evans,
Weeds of Roadsides and Waste ground in NZ   R.L Taylor

Web sites
http://www.dowagro.com
New Zealand National Pest Plant Accord
ttp://en.wikipedia.org
Global Invasive Species

Weed species on the National Pest Plant Accord (NPPA) key
www. landcareresearch. co. nz/research/biosystematics/plants/nppakey/
The above key is developed by staff at Landcare Research. The interactive key allows the user to select information about the specimen in hand in any order. As the user enters more information about the specimen the list of possible species narrows.