T.E.R:R.A.I.N - Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network


Passiflora tarminiana (Banana passionfruit)

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Passifloraceae
Genus: Passiflora
Subgenus: Tacsonia
Species: P. tarminiana
Binomial name: Passiflora tarminiana
Common names:  Banana passionfruit, Banana Poka

Passiflora tarminiana is a species of passionfruit with edible yellow fruit. It is native to the uplands of tropical South America and is now cultivated in many countries. In Hawaii and New Zealand it is now considered an invasive species.
Passiflora tarminiana is a high climbing vine with hairy stems and petioles. Where the petioles join the stem it has stipules which are 4-7 by 2–3 mm and are soon deciduous. The leaves are three-lobed and hairy below but usually hairless above
The flowers are solitary and hang downwards. The base of the flower has pale green bracts enclosing a swollen nectary chamber. The floral tube (hypanthium) is 6-8 × 0.7–1 cm and pale green, while the sepals and petals are 3–6 cm long, pink and perpendicular to the floral tube, or reflexed. Fruits taper at both ends, are 10–14 cm long by 3.5-4.5 cm wide and ripen to yellow or light orange. The fruit contain many seeds which are embedded in an edible, orange aril.

A vine growing wild, high in native trees  (November).