T.E.R:R.A.I.N - Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network


Weeds and Escapee Plants (Botanical names)


Botanical names 


Acacia pravissima (Alpine Wattle)

Acacia verticillata (Prickly Moses)

Acaena novae-zelandiae (Bidibid)

Aeonium haworthii (Pinwheel Aeonium)

Acanthus mollis (Bear's breeches) 

Acer pseudoplatanus (Sycamore)

Achillea millefolium (Yarrow)

Actinidia deliciosa (Kiwifruit)

Aeonium arboreum var. artopurpureum (Purple Stonecrop)

Aeonium gomerense (Pink Tipped Pinwheel, Aeonium)

Agapanthus praecox (Agapanthus)

Agave Americana (Century plant)     

Ailanthus altissima (Tree of heaven)

Akebia quinata (Five-leaf akebi)

Alchemilla mollis (Lady's mantle)

Allium triquetrum (Onion weed)

Alocasia brisbanensis (Elephants Ear Lily)

Alstroemeria aurea (Peruvian lily)  

Alternanthera philoxeroides (Alligator weed)

Amaranthus deflexus (Prostrate Amaranth) 

Amaranthus graecizans (Mat amaranth)

Amaranthus lividus (Green Amaranth)

Amaranthus spp. (Redroot)

Amaryllis belladonna (Naked ladies)

Anagallis arvensis (Scarlet Pimpernel)

Anredera cordifolia (Mignonette vine)

Anthemis arvensis (Mayweed) Corn chamomile

Anthemis cotula (Stinking Mayweed)

Anthemis nobilis (Chamomile)   

Anthemis tinctoria (Yellow chamomile)

Antirrhinum spp (Snapdragons)  

Apium nodiflorum (Fools water cress) Helosciadium nodiflorum

Araujia hortorum (Moth plant)   

Arbutus unedo (Irish Strawberry tree)

Arctotheca calendula (Cape Daisy)

Arctium minus (Burdock)

Argeratina riparia (Mistflower)

Aristea ecklonii (Aristea)    

Artemisia verlotiorum (Chinese mugwort)  

Artemisia vulgaris (Mugwort)

Arum italicum (Italian lily)  

Arundo donax (Giant Reed)

Asparagus scandens (Asparagus fern)

Atriplex prostrata (Orache)

Azolla filiculoides (Azolla)   

Baccharis halimifolia (Groundsel bush)

Bacopa lanigera (Hairy Bacopa)

Bambusoideae (Bamboo)

Banksia integrifolia (Coast banksia)

Barbarea verna (Land cress)

Bartlettina sordida (Bartlettina)

Bellis perennis (Common daisy)

Berberis darwinii (Barberry)

Beta vulgaris (Beet)   

Betula pendula (Silver birch)

Bomarea multiflora (Bomarea)

Borago officinalis (Blue Borage)

Borago officinalis (White Borage)

Brassica rapa ssp sylvestris (Wild Turnip)

Briza maxima (Quaking grass)

Brugmansia candida (Angel's trumpet)

Buddleja davidii (Orange eye Buddleia)

Cakile maritima Scop. subsp. maritime (Sea Rocket)   

Callistachys lanceolata (Oxylobium)

Calluna vulgaris (Heather)

Calystegia sepium (Pink Bindweeed)

Calystegia silvatica (Great Bindweed)

Campanula portenschlagiana (Wall Bellflower)  

Campanula rotundifolia (Harebell)

Canna (Genus) lily

Canna indica (Indian shot)

Capsella bursa-pastoris (Shepherd's Purse)

Cardamine flexuosa (Wavy bittercress)

Cardamine hirsute (Hairy Bittercress)
  

Cardiocrinum giganteum (Himalayan Giant Lily)

Cardiospermum grandiflorum (Balloon vine)

Cardiospermum halicacabum (Small balloon vine)

Carduus nutans (Nodding Thistle)

Carduus tenuiflorus (Winged thistle)

Carpobrotus spp.(Ice Plant)

Carpobrotus edulis (Hottentot fig)

Casuarina glauca (Swamp oak)  

Cenchrus setaceus (Fountain Grass)

Centaurea calcitrapa (Star thistle)   

Centaurea macrocephala (Giant knapweed)

Centaurium erythraea (Centaury)

Centranthus ruber (Spur Valerian)

Cerastium semidecandrum (Little Mouse-ear Chickweed)  

Ceratophyllum demersum (Hornwort)

Cerinthe major (Honeywort)  

Cestrum elegans (Red Cestrum)

Cestrum fasciculatum (Early jessamine)

Chamaecytisus palmensis (Tree Lucerne)

Chenopodium album (Fathen)  

Chloris truncata (Windmill grass)

Chrysanthemoides monilifera (Boneseed)

Cichorium intybus (Common Chicory)

Cineraria (Genus:Pericallis)

Cirsium arvense (Californian Thistle)

Cirsium palustre (Marsh Thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (Scotch Thistle)

Clematis vitalba (Old Man's Beard)

Clinopodium vulgare (Wild basil) 

Conium maculatu (Hemlock) 

Cobaea scandens (Cup and Saucer Vine)

Conyza bonariensis ( Wavy-leaved Fleabane) 

Conyza canadensis (Canadian Fleabane)    

Conyza parva (Smooth fleabane) now Erigeron parva

Coreopsis tinctoria  (Plains coreopsis)

Coronilla varia (Crown vetch)

Cortaderia selloana & Cortaderia jubata (Pampas)

Cotoneaster glaucophyllus (Cotoneaster)

Cotoneaster lacteus (Parney Cotoneaster)

Cotoneaster simonsii (Khasia berry)

Cotyledon orbiculata (Pig's Ear)

Crassula fallax (Propeller plant)

Crataegus monogyna (Hawthorn)

Crepis capillaris (Smooth Hawksbeard)          

Crepis vesicaria (Beaked hawksbeard)

Crocosmia X crocosmiiflora (Montbretia)

Cymbalaria muralis (Ivy leaved toadflax)    

Cynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)

Cyperus eragrostis (Umbrella Sedge)  

Cyperus rotundus (Purple nutsedge)

Cytisus scoparius (Common Broom)

Daucus carota (Wild Carrot) 


Delairea odorata (German Ivy)      

Dianthus armeria (Deptford Pink)

Dichondra repens (Mercury Bay weed)

Digitalis alba (White Foxglove)

Digitalis purpurea (Purple Foxglove)  

Digitaria sanguinalis (Summer grass)

Dipogon lignosus (Mile-a-minute Vine)

Discaria toumatou (Matagouri)   

Dolichandra unguis-cati (Cats claw creeper)  

Eccremocarpus scaber (Chilean glory creeper)

Echium candicans (Pride of Madeira)

Echium candicans x E. pininana (Cobalt Tower)

Echium pininana (Pride of Tenerife)

Echium vulgare (Vipers bugloss)  

Ehrharta erecta (Panic Veldt grass)

Eichhornia crassipes (Water hyacinth)

Elaeagnus x reflexa (Elaeagnus)

Elaeagnus umbellate (Autumn olive)

Elymus repens (Couch)

Epilobium ciliatum (Willow Herb)

Equisetum arvense (Field Horsetail) 

Eragrostis curvula (Weeping love grass)

Erica lusitanica (Spanish heath)

Erigeron karvinskianus (Mexican Daisy)    

Erechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)

Erechtites valerianifolia (Brazilian Fireweed)

Eriobotrya japonica (Loquat)

Erodium cicutarium (Storkbill)

Erodium moschatum (Musk storkbill)

Eschscholzia californica (Californian poppy)  

Euchiton involucratus (Star cottonleaf)

Euchiton sphaericus (Japanese cudweed)

Euonymus europaeus (European spindle tree)

Euonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)

Euphorbia cyparissias (Cypress Spurge)

Euphorbia characias (Euphorbia "Kea")  

Euphorbia lathyris (Caper spurge)

Euphorbia peplus (Milkweed)

Euphorbia (Species unkown)

Fallopia convolvulus (Black Bindweed)

Fallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)

Fatsia japonica( Japanese aralia)

Festuca arundinacea (Tall fescue)

Ficus carica (Edible fig)

Foeniculum vulgare (Fennel)

Fragaria vesca (Alpine Strawberry)

Fumaria muralis (Scrambling Fumitory)

Galinsoga parviflora (Gallant soldier)

Galinsoga quadriradiata (Shaggy soldier)

Galium aparine (Bedstraw Cleaver)

Gamochaeta coarctata (Common cudweed)

Gamochaeta simplicicaulis (Simple-stem cudweed)

Gazania linearis (Treasure flower)

Gazania rigens (Treasure flower) Coastal gazania  

Gazania rigens var. uniflora (One-flowered treasure flower)

Genista stenopetala (Sweet Broom)    

Geranium maderense (Giant Herb Robert)

Geranium molle (Dovesfoot Cranesbill)

Geranium robertianum (Herb Robert)  

Gladiolus undulates (Wild Gladiolus)

Glaucium flavum (Yellow horned poppy)

Glebionis segetum (Corn marigold)  

Glechoma hederacea (Ground ivy)

Gunnera manicata (Giant rhubarb)

Gunnera tinctoria (Chilean rhubarb)

Hakea gibbosa (Downy hakea)   

Hakea salicifolia (Willow leaved hakea)

Hedera helix (Common Ivy)

Hedychium gardnerianum (Kahili Ginger) 

Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)

Helichrysum cymosum (Yellow-tipped straw-flower)

Helichrysum petiolare (Licorice plant)  

Heracleum mantegazzianum (Giant hogweed)

Hieracium pilosella (Mouse-ear Hawkweed) 

Homalanthus populifolius (Queensland poplar)

Hyacinthoides hispanica (Spanish bluebell)

Hyacinthoides non-scripta (Bluebell)

Hydrocotyle Information

Hydrocotyle heteromeria (Waxweed)

Hydrocotyle microphylla (A native hydrocotyle)

Hydrocotyle moschata (Hairy pennywort)

Hypericum androsaemum (Tutsan)

Hypericum perforatum (St Johns wort)

Hypochoeris radicata (Common Catsear)

Impatiens glandulifera (Himalayan Balsam)

Impatiens sodenii (Shrub Balsam)

Ipomoea indica (Blue Morning Glory)  

Iris foetidissima (Stinking iris)

Iris pseudacorus (Yellow flag iris)

Isolepis prolifera (Three-square sedge)

Ixia (Genus) African corn lily 

Ixia maculate (Ixia) 

Jacobaea vulgaris (Yellow Ragwort)

Jasminum polyanthum (White & Pink Jasmine)  

Juglans ailantifolia (Japanese walnut)

Juncus bulbosus (Bulbous rush)  

Laburnum anagyroides (Golden chain)  

Lactuca virosa (Bitter lettuce)

Lagurus ovatus (Hare's-tail grass)

Lamiastrum galeobdolon (Aluminium plant)

Lantana camara (Lantana) 

Larix deciduas (European larch)

Lathyrus latifolius (Everlasting pea)    

Lathyrus tingitanus (Tangier pea)

Lemna minor (Duckweed)

Leontodon taraxacoides (Lesser Hawkbit)   

Lepidium virginicum (Peppergrass)
   

Leucanthemum paludosum (Paludosum Daisy)

Leucanthemum × superbum (Shasta daisy)

Leucanthemum vulgare (Oxeye Daisy)

Leycesteria formosa (Himalayan Honeysuckle)

Liatris species (Gayfeather, Blazing star)

Ligustrum lucidum (Tree privet)

Ligustrum sinense (Chinese Privet)    

Lilium formosanum (Taiwanese lily)

Linaria purpurea (Purple Toadflax)

Linum bienne (Pale flax)

Linum catharticum (Purging flax)

Lobularia maritima (Alyssum)

Lonicera japonica (Japanese Honeysuckle)

Lotus angustissimus (Hairy birdsfoot Trefoil)

Lotus glaber (Narrow-leaf Birdsfoot Trefoil)  

Lotus pedunculatus (Greater Birdsfoot Trefoil)

Lunaria annua (Honesty) 

Lupinus angustifolius (Blue lupin)

Lupinus arboreus (Tree lupin)

Lupinus polyphyllus (Russell lupin)

Lycium ferocissimum (Boxthorn)

Lythrum hyssopifolia (Hyssop Loosestrife)

Macfadyena unguis-cati (Cats Claw Creeper)

Mahonia species

Malva arborea (Tree mallow)

Malva pseudolavatera (Small tree mallow)

Malva neglecta (Dwarf mallow)

Malva parviflora (Small flower mallow)

Malva sylvestris (Large flowered mallow)

Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii (Turk's Cap)    

Medicago arabica (Spotted Bur Medick)      

Medicago lupulina (Black medick)   

Melianthus major (Cape honey flower)

Melilotus indicus (Annual yellow sweetclover)

Melilotus officinalis (Yellow sweet clover)

Mentha pulegium (Pennyroyal)

Mentha spicata (Mint)

Mentha spicata L. subsp. spicata (Mint) Community

Mimulus guttatus (Monkey musk)

Miscanthus nepalensis (Himalayan fairy grass)

Monstera deliciosa (Fruit Salad Plant)

Muehlenbeckia australis (Large Leaved Muehlenbeckia)

Mycelis muralis (Wall Lettuce)

Myoporum insulare (Australian ngaio)

Myosotis sylvatica (Forget-Me-Not)


Myriophyllum aquaticum (Parrot's feather)  

Nassella neesiana (Chilean needle grass)

Nasturtium microphyllum (Watercress)

Nasturtium officinale (Watercress)

Navarretia squarrosa (Californian stinkweed)

Nephrolepis cordifolia (Ladder fern)

Nicandra physaloides (Apple of Peru)   

Ochna serrulata (Mickey Mouse Plant)    

Oenothera biennis (Common Evening Primrose)

Oenothera glazioviana (Evening Primrose)

Oenothera stricta (Sand primrose)  

Opuntia monacantha (Drooping Prickly Pear)

Orobanche minor (Broomrape)

Osteospermum fruticosum (Dimorphotheca)

Oxalis exilis (Creeping Oxalis)

Oxalis corniculata (Creeping Wood Sorrel)

Oxalis incarnata (Lilac Oxalis)

Oxalis articulata (Pink Oxalis)

Oxalis crassipes (White Oxalis)

Oxalis pes-caprae (Yellow sorrel)  

Oxalis purpurea (Purple wood sorrel)

Oxalis stricta (Yellow Woodsorrel)

Ozothamnus leptophyllus (Tauhinu)

Pandorea jasminoides (Bower vine)

Pandorea pandorana (Wonga-wonga Vine)

Paraserianthes lophantha (Bush Wattle)

Parentucellia viscosa (Tarweed)   

Paspalum dilatatum (Paspalum)

Passiflora caerulea (Blue passion flower)

Passiflora edulis (Common Passionfruit)

Passiflora tarminiana (Banana passionfruit)

Passiflora tripartita var. azuayensis (Banana passion fruit)

Passiflora tripartita var. mollissima

Pastinaca sativa (Wild Parsnip)

Pennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)  

Pennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)  

Pennisetum setaceum (African Fountain Grass)

Persicaria capitata (Pink Knotweed)

Persicaria maculosa (Willow Weed)

Phoenix canariensis (Phoenix palm)

Physalis peruviana (Cape Gooseberry)

Phytolacca octandra (Inkweed)

Picris echioides (Oxtongue)

Pinus contorta (Shore Pine)  

Pinus nigra (Austrian Pine)

Pinus patula (Patula pine)

Pinus radiata (Radiata Pine)

Plantago australis (Mexican plantain)

Plantago major (Broad leaved Plantain) Plantago major

Plantago lanceolata (Narrow-leaved Plantain)

Plectranthus ciliatus (Blue spur flower)   

Plumbago auriculata (Plumbago)

Podranea ricasoliana (Pink Trumpet Vine)   

Polycarpon tetraphyllum (Allseed) 

Polygala myrtifolia (Sweet pea shrub)

Polygonum aviculare (Wireweed)  

Portulaca oleracea (Purslane)

Potamogeton nodosus (Longleaf Pondweed) 

Phragmites australis (Common reed)

Potentilla indica (Indian Strawberry)  

Pratia purpurascens (White root)

Prunella vulgaris (Selfheal)   

Prunus avium (Sweet cherry)

Prunus campanulata (Taiwan cherry)

Pseudotsuga menziesii (Douglas-fir)

Psoralea pinnata (Dally Pine) 

Pteris cretica (Cretan Brake)

Pyracantha angustifolia (Slender firethorn)

Ranunculus repens (Creeping Buttercup)

Raphanus raphanistrum (Wild Radish) 

Robinia pseudoacacia (False Acacia)

Roldana petasitis (Velvet Groundsel)

Rosa canina (Dog rose)

Rosa rubiginosa (Sweet Briar)

Rosa x wichuraiana (Rambler rose)

Rubus fruticosus (Blackberry)

Rubus phoenicolasius (Japanese Wineberry)

Rubus hayata-koidzumii (Creeping raspberries)

Rumex obtusifolius (Broad-leaved Dock)

Rumex pulcher (Fiddle Dock)

Rumex sagittatus (Climbing Dock)

Salix eleagnos (Bitter willow)

Salix fragilis (Crack willow)

Sambucus nigra (Black elderberry) 

Sanvitalia procumbens (Creeping Zinnia)

Schoenoplectus californicus (California bulrush)

Sedum acre (Stonecrop)     

Sedum album (White stonecrop)

Selaginella kraussiana (African Clubmoss)

Senecio angulatus (Cape ivy)

Senecio bipinnatisectus (Australian fireweed)

Senecio elegans (Purple ragwort)

Senecio glastifolius (Pink Ragwort)

Senecio minimus (Fireweed)

Senecio skirrhodion (Gravel groundsel)  

Senecio vulgaris (Groundsel)

Senna septemtrionalis (Buttercup bush)     

Setaria palmifolia (Palmgrass)  

Setaria pumila (Yellow bristle grass)

Sherardia arvensis (Field Madder)

Sisyrinchium iridifolium (Purple-eyed grass)

Silene dioica (Red Campion)

Silene gallica (Catchfly)  

Silene unifora (Sea campion)    

Silene unifora (Pink cultivar)

Silybum marianum (Variegated Thistle) 

Sisymbrium officinale (Hedge mustard)  

Solanum aviculare (Poroporo)

Solanum chenopodioides (Velvety Nightshade)  

Solanum diflorum (False Jerusalem cherry)

Solanum dulcamara (Bittersweet)

Solanum laciniatum (Poroporo)

Solanum laxum (Potato vine)

Solanum linnaeanum (Apple of Sodom)

Solanum mauritianum (Woolly Nightshade)

Solanum nigrum (Black Nightshade)

Solanum nodiflorum (Small flowered nightshade)

Solanum pseudocapsicum (Jerusalem cherry)  

Solanum tuberosum (Potato)

Solanum wendlandii (Potato Vine)

Sonchus asper (Prickly Sow Thistle)

Sonchus oleraceus (Smooth Sow Thistle)

Spergula arvensis (Spurrey weed)  

Spergularia rubra (Red sand spurrey)

Spiraea douglasii (Steeple bush) 

Stachys byzantina (Lamb's-ears)

Stachys sylvatica (Hedge Woundwort)

Stellaria media (Common Chickweed)   

Stenotaphrum secundatum (Buffalo grass)       

Symphytum × uplandicum (Russian Comfrey)

Taraxacum officinale (Dandelion)

Tecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)  

Tetrapanax papyrifer (Rice paper plant)

Thunbergia alata (Black Eye Susan Vine)

Tradescantia fluminensis (Wandering Jew)   

Tradescantia virginiana, Virginia spiderwort

Trifolium angustifolium (Narrow Leaved Clover)

Trifolium arvense (Haresfoot clover)    

Trifolium dubium (Lesser trefoil)      

Trifolium incarnatum (Crimson clover)

Trifolium pratense (Red clover)

Trifolium repens (White clover)  

Tritonia (Genus) Flame freesia 

Tropaeolum majus (Nasturtium)

Ulex europaeus (Gorse)   

Urtica incisa (Scrub nettle)

Urtica urens (Stinging Nettle)

Verbascum thapsus (Woolly Mullein)

Verbascum virgatum (Twiggy Mullein)

Verbena bonariensis (Purple Top)

Verbena rigida (Rough verbena)

Veronica anagallis-aquatica (Water Speedwell)

Veronica persica (Scrambling Speedwell)

Verbena officinalis (Vervain)

Vicia sativa (Common vetch)

Vinca major (Periwinkle)

Viola sororia (Common blue violet)  

Viola tricolor (Heartsease)

Vittadinia gracilis (Purple fuzzweed)  

Watsonia meriana var. bulbillifera (Watsonia)  

Wisteria (Chinese and Japanese)

Xanthium strumarium (Rough cocklebur)

Zantedeschia aethiopica (Arum lily)

Zantedeschia aethiopic (Calla 'Green Goddess')    

Zizania latifolia (Manchurian wild rice)