T.E.R:R.A.I.N - Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network


Melicytus chathamicus (Chatham Island mahoe)

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Violaceae
Subfamily: Violoideae
Tribe: Rinoreeae
Genus: Melicytus
Species: M. chathamicus
Binominal name: Melicytus chathamicus
Synonyms: Hymenanthera latifolia var. chathamica, Hymenanthera chathamica
Common name: Chatham Island mahoe

Melicytus chathamicus is a small, common tree that grows up to 6 m tall. It is endemic to several of the Chatham Islands. It is a major component of the dwindling coastal forests.
It has large, oval, green, leaves that are up to 12 cm long and the margins are toothed. The leaves stalks can be either green or bright red colour.
Melicytus chathamicus is a dioecious tree having male and female flowers on separate plants. Yellow flowers which appear during spring are small. Small fruit can be present September to April. They can be purple with a white fleck or they can be entirely a dark purple colour.

Melicytus chathamicus is now grown in New Zealand as an informal boundary hedge, with typical hedge height: 2-3m. Since it is growing in the Chatham Islands it tolerates cold, windy, coastal conditions.

 

 

Thanks to Wikipedia for text and information http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/