T.E.R:R.A.I.N - Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network


Quercus coccinea (Scarlet Oak)

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Rosopsida
Order: Fagales
Family: Fagaceae
Genus: Quercus
Section: Lobatae
Species: Q. coccinea
Binomial name: Quercus coccinea
Common name: Scarlet Oak

The Scarlet Oak (Quercus coccinea) is an oak in the red oak section Quercus sect. Lobatae. The scarlet oak can be mistaken for the Pin Oak. Scarlet Oak is mainly native to the eastern United States, from southern Maine west to eastern Oklahoma, and south to southern Alabama. It is also native in the extreme south of Ontario, Canada. It occurs on dry, sandy, usually acidic soils. It is a medium-large deciduous tree growing to 20-30 m tall with an open, rounded crown. The leaves are glossy green, 7-17 cm long and 8-13 cm broad, lobed, with seven lobes, and deep sinuses between the lobes. Each lobe has 3-7 bristle-tipped teeth. The leaf is hairless (unlike the related Pin Oak, which has tufts of pale orange-brown down where the lobe veins join the central vein). The acorns are ovoid, 7-13 mm broad and 17-31 mm long, a third to a half covered in a deep cup, green maturing pale brown about 18 months after pollination.

An oak of the John Goodwin Collection Te Henui.

January Lat 39 3'33.565"S Long 174 5'40.85 E Datum WGS 84

 

Scarlet Oak January leaves
 

Scarlet Oak branch system
 


Scarlet Oak trunk