T.E.R:R.A.I.N - Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network


Pyracantha (Firethorn)

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Genus: Pyracantha
Commone names: Firethorn,  Pyracantha

Pyracantha is a genus of large, thorny evergreen shrubs in the family Rosaceae, with common names firethorn or pyracantha. They are native to an area extending from Southwest Europe east to Southeast Asia, resemble and are related to Cotoneaster, but have serrated leaf margins and numerous thorns (Cotoneaster is thornless).
The plants reach up to 6 m tall. Their are several species all have white flowers and either red, orange, or yellow berries (technically pomes). The white flowers are produced during late spring and early summer; the berries develop from late summer, and mature in late autumn.
Pyracantha  looks similar to the cotoneaster species but pyracantha have thorns while the cotoneaster does not.

There are several varieties

Pyracantha x watereri _ Firethorn watereri (red berries)
Pyracantha coccinea – Firethorn coccinea (red berries)
Pyracantha Orange Charmer – Firethorn Orange Charmer (yellow gold berries)
Pyracantha Orange Glow - Firethorn Orange Glow (orange berries)
Pyracantha Red Column - Firethorn Red Column (red berries)
Pyracantha Soleil d'Or - Firethorn Soleil d'Or (Rich gold berries)
Pyracantha Mohave - Firethorn Mohave (red berries)
Pyracantha saphyr orange – Firethorn saphyr (orange berries)
Pyracantha Lowboy – Firethorn Lowboy (orange berries)
Pyracantha Teton – Fireboy Teton (golden berries)
Pyracantha Gnome – Firethorn Gnome (orange berries)
Pyracantha Fiery Cascade – Firethorn Fiery Cascade (orange berries)
Pyracantha Apache – Firethorn Apache (red berries)
Pyracantha atalantioides Aurea - - Firethorn Aurea (Yellow gold berries)
Pyracantha Golden Dome – Firethorn Golden Dome (yellow gold berries)
Pyracantha koidzumii 'Victory' – Firethorn (red berries) 

 




Pyracantha white flowers


The thorn of Pyracantha

The top surface of a leaf.


The under surface of a leaf.


Thanks to Wikipedia for text and information https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/