T.E.R:R.A.I.N - Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network


Plinia cauliflora (Brazilian grapetree)

Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Plinia
Species: P. cauliflora
Binomial name: Plinia cauliflora
Synonyms: Eugenia cauliflora, Eugenia jaboticaba, Myrcia jaboticaba, Myrciaria cauliflora, Myrciaria jaboticaba, Myrtus cauliflora, Myrtus jaboticaba, Plinia jaboticaba
Common names: Brazilian grapetree, Jabuticaba tree

Plinia cauliflora is a tree in the family Myrtaceae, native to Brazil. It is a slow-growing evergreen that can reach a height of 15 meters. It has salmon-coloured leaves when they are young, which turn green as they mature.
Its flowers are white and grow directly from its trunk in a cauliflorous habit.
The fruit is a thick-skinned berry and typically measures 3–4 cm in diameter. It has a thick, purple, astringent skin that encases a sweet, white or rosy pink gelatinous flesh. Embedded within the flesh are one to four large seeds.
The tree is grown for its purplish-black, white-pulped fruits; they can be eaten raw or be used to make jellies, juice or wine.

The flowers grow directly from the trunk.
  

Unripe fruit


The ripe purple fruit.

Thanks to Wikipedia for text and information: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/