T.E.R:R.A.I.N - Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network


Pinus coulteri (Coulter pine)

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: Pinus
Species: P. coulteri
Binomial name: Pinus coulteri
Common names: Big pine; Big-cone pine; Coulter pine, Culter pine

Pinus coulteri is a native of the coastal mountains of Southern California and northern Baja California (Mexico). In New Zealand, it is planted as an ornamental tree in parks and large gardens
Pinus coulteri is a substantial fast growing, coniferous, evergreen, erect, medium-sized pine tree in the genus Pinus. Its size ranges from 10–24 m tall, and can have a trunk diameter up to 1 m. The trunk is vertical and branches horizontally to upcurved. The leaves are needle-like, in bundles of three, glaucous grey-green, 15–30 cm long and stout, 2 mm thick.

Pinus coulteri produces the largest, heaviest cone of any pine species. The spiny cones can weigh between 2-5kgs and be 20-40cm long. The large size of the cones has earned them the nickname "widowmakers".
Araucaria bidwillii which is not a pine species as a larger cone that can weigh >10kg.

Pinus coulteri's very large cone.


A ripe female cone


A cluster of pollen-bearing male cones


The trunk's bark


Thanks to Wikipedia for text and information:
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/