Liriodendron tulipifera (Tulip Tree)
Species: L. tulipifera
Binomial name: Liriodendron tulipifera
Common names: Tulip tree, Tulip-Poplar, Yellow poplar
The Tulip tree is a native to North America and is the state tree of Indiana, Kentucky and Tennessee Its a large tree with a long, straight limb-free bole very often reaching over 30m tall. Its leaf is alternate, simple, palmately veined, orbicular, 4-lobed with an entire margin, 10cm to 20cm long, notched to flat top. Somewhat shaped like a tulip, light green to green. Its flower is monoecious; perfect, showy, resembling a large tulip, but high in the tree, 6.3cm long, with yellow-green petals and an orange corolla, appearing in late spring to early summer.
The fruit is an oblong (cone-like) aggregate of samaras (5cm long), deciduous at maturity; each samara is 1-winged, 3.8cm long, and curved upwards at seed cavity (resembling the front keel of a boat and winter; base whorls of samaras persist on fruit into following spring and resemble wooden flowers high in the tree.
Tree in December
Tulip trees with autumn leaves
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