T.E.R:R.A.I.N - Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network

Lavandula angustifolia (Lavender)

Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Lavandula
Species: L. angustifolia
Binomial name: Lavandula angustifolia
Synonyms: Lavandula officinalis, Lavandula pyrenaica, Lavandula vera
Common names : English lavender, Common lavender

Lavandula angustifolia is a strongly aromatic shrub native to the Mediterranean (Spain, France, Italy, Croatia etc.). It is commonly grown as an ornamental plant. It is popular for its colourful flowers and its fragrance.
Lavandula angustifolia grows as high as > 2 metres tall. The leaves are evergreen, >6 centimetres long, and >6 millimetres broad. The flowers are pinkish-purple produced on spikes 2–8 cm long at the top of slender, leafless stems 10–30 cm long.
The flowers are also used as a culinary herb. Oil is extracted from the plant
Lavender oil is extracted from the flowers and is used diluted with a diluted with a carrier oil and is use in products for hom, such as lotions, eye pillows and bath oils, etc.
Dried lavender flowers and lavender essential oil are also used as a prevention against clothing moths, which do not like their scent.
There are many cultivars.

An escaped garden plant growing on wasteland roadside.

Close up of the flower.head

Thanks to Wikipedia for text and information http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/