T.E.R:R.A.I.N - Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network

Sparrow (House) Passer domesticus

Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Ploceidae
Genera: Passer
Species: domesticus
Scientific Name: Passer domesticus
Common Names: House Sparrow,sparrow

The House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) is a bird of the sparrow family Passeridae, found in most parts of the world. One of about 25 species in the genus Passer, the House Sparrow occurs naturally in most of Europe, the Mediterranean region, and much of Asia. Its intentional or accidental introductions to many regions, including parts of Australia, Africa, and the Americas, make it the most widely distributed wild bird. The House Sparrow is strongly associated with human habitations and can live in urban or rural settings. Though found in widely varied habitats and climates, it typically avoids extensive woodlands, grasslands, and deserts away from human development. A small bird, it has a length of 16 centimetres and a weight of 24–39.5 grams. Females and young birds are coloured pale brown and grey, and males have brighter black, white, and brown markings.
Breeding occurs Aug-Feb.
The House Sparrow feeds mostly the seeds of grains and weeds, and insects, and can perform complex and unusual tasks to obtain food.  Usually feeds alone on the ground, keeping close to cover; shuffles along in a crouched posture, delicately picking at the surface. The predators of the House Sparrow include domestic cats, hawks, owls, and many other predatory birds and mammals.  

It sings from the top of a bush or hedge with a thin hurried warble. 
Call of the Sparrow   

Male sparrow.







A young sparrow with yellow mouth parts.

Sparrow's egg

An old empty sparrows nest that had fallen out of a tree in high winds. About 20 cm in diameter.
The entrance is visible.

Side view.

Thanks to Wikipedia for text and information     https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/