T.E.R:R.A.I.N - Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network


Coprosma acerosa (Sand coprosma)

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Coprosma
Species: C. acerosa
Binomial name: Coprosma acerosa
Common names: Sand coprosma, tātarahake, tātaraheke

Coprosma acerosa is a low, spreading yellowish/green shrub that is native to New Zealand. It is a coastal plant found naturally through out the North, South, Stewart and Chatham Islands, on the landward side of sand dunes. It forms a tight tangled mound of brown foliage. The yellowish leaves are narrow, small and have a dark line down middle on the underside. They are in clusters of pairs scattered along twigs. The word 'acerosa' used in the binomial name refers to the leaves and is from the Latin word 'acus' meaning sharp or pointed. The bark is an orange colour.
It flowers are tiny with long protruding threads. The fruit is a white berry.

Coprosma acerosa is declining over large parts of its original range due to competition from marram grass (Ammophila arenaria).

The Maori used a decoction of the bark and stems of the pikiarero (Clematis forsteri) and the root of the tātarahake (Coprosma acerosa) taken, 'slightly alterative' (A medication that restores health). Colenso 1869. 





A specimen growing on the Whangamata beach June


Whangamata beach June.


A specimen growing Otari Wilton Reserve Wellington.




NB. dark line down middle on the underside of the leaves.






Thanks to Wikipedia for text and information:
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

 


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