T.E.R:R.A.I.N - Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network


Gunnera monoica

Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Gunnerales
Family: Gunneraceae
Genus: Gunnera
Species: G. monoica
Binomial name: Gunnera monoica
Synonyms; Gunnera albocarpa, Cockayne, Gunnera monoica var. albocarpa, Gunnera strigose,, Gunnera monoica var. strigosa 

Gunnera monoica is a species of Gunnera endemic to New Zealand. It is one of the smallest species of Gunnera, with leaves of around 3 cm wide. It spreads by forming stolons in damp ground and frequently seen growing on roadside banks.
Gunnera monoica produces little flower spikes between October and November and produces fruit from December until February. The fruits are spaced along stalk or the can be clustered. They are barrel-shaped, white, often flecked with purple or red, or very rarely (probably hybrids) entirely orange or red. The seeds are free within a fleshy envelope The
Leaves have a rounded appearance and either a corrugated or spiky margin. The fruits are dispersed by birds.
Gunnera monoica and other Gunnera species have a nitrogen-fixing blue-green alga living inside them which provides the plant with a source of fertilizer.


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