T.E.R:R.A.I.N - Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network


Leptostomum macrocarpon (Pincushion moss)

Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Viridaeplantae
Phylum: Bryophyta
Subphylum: Musci (Mosses)
Infraphylum: Bryatae
Subclass: Bryidae
Superorder: Bryanae
Order: Bryales
Family: Leptostomataceae
Genus: Leptostomum
Species: L. macrocarpon
Botanical name: Leptostomum macrocarpon
Common name: Pincushion moss

Leptostomum macrocarpon is one of a monotypic family of eight species of mosses. The family Leptostomaceae is Gondwanaland in origin and is distributed from the southern tip of South America to New Zealand and Australia northward through New Guinea, the Celebes and Java to Sri Lanka.
It is found growing on branches of trees usually at the edge of clearings. Its common name 'Pincushion moss' is because its sporophytes look like pins.

Photos below was taken of a clump growing in Merrilands Domain, New Plymouth, Taranaki.