T.E.R:R.A.I.N - Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network


Ant (Argentine ant) Linepithema humile

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Tribe: Dolichoderini
Genus: Linepithema
Species: L. humile
Binomial name: Linepithema humile
Synonym: Iridomyrmex humilis
Common name: Argentine ant

The Argentine ant, Linepithema humile is ranked among the world’s 100 worst invasive species. It is an ant native to northern Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia and southern Brazil. It is an invasive species that has been inadvertently introduced by humans to many places, including South Africa, New Zealand, Japan, Easter Island, Australia, Europe, Hawaii, United States and many oceanic islands.

The Argentine ant is ranked among the world’s 100 worst animal invaders. The Argentine ant was first discovered in New Zealand at Mt Smart Stadium (Auckland) during opening-ceremony rehearsals for the 1990 Commonwealth Games and through genetic analysis it is thought they probably came from Australia. This species have a strong tendency to move and associate with humans and is now a problem in an increasing number of towns and cities throughout New Zealand. Argentine ants will hitch rides in freight, potted plants, rubbish, vehicles, camping gear and other such goods. They have now spread to numerous urban locations throughout the North Island and several in the South Island.

These ants are becoming a big problem to New Zealand for many reasons. There are now trade restrictions applied by several countries as a result of contamination of our exports. They are a pest in the poultry industry through stress on chickens and the killing of newly hatched chicks. They also rob bee hives, affecting honey production. For full details of the impact of Argentine ants visit Landcare Research’s web site at: http://argentineants.landcareresearch.co.nz/index.asp

Argentine ant workers are all the same size (2–3 mm long) and are a uniform light brown colour (compared with the common black species found foraging in urban areas in New Zealand). They are often seen foraging along defined continuous trails (not erratic ‘crazy’ behaviour of running about in circles). They also climb trees and plants. The ants can't sting but some people react to their bite.

You can find advice on control at http://www.biosecurity.govt.nz/pests/argentine-ant/control  



A closeup profile view.
  

A dorsal view


Identifying features


Thanks to Wikipedia for text and Information:  http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/




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