T.E.R:R.A.I.N - Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network


Nidula niveotomentosa (Woolly Bird Nest)

Kingdom:Fungi
Subkingdom:Dikarya
Phylum:Basidiomycota
Subphylum:Agaricomycotina
Class:Agaricomycetes
Subclass:Agaricomycetidae
Order:Agaricales 
Family:Nidulariaceae
Genus:Nidula
Species: Nidula niveotomentosa Pevious known as N. candida in New Zealand.
Common name:
Woolly Bird Nest

Nidula niveotomentosa is colloquially known as Wollly Bird Nest fungus. They are small, about 5mm wide and 4 mm high and cup shaped, and contain several shiny red brown disc-shaped peridioles that resemble tiny eggs in a nest. The gasteriod fruiting bodies (also called peridia or splash cups) of this fungi is white and woolly on the outside and brown on the inside. They  develop with a covering, which cracks open to reveal the spore cases (peridioles) within. After the covering of the peridia (splash cup) cracks open and a raindrop hits one at the right angle, the walls are shaped such that the eggs are expelled a good distance from the nest. 
The surface of the peridioles is sticky and adheres to anything it lands on. The spores can then germinate there and start the life cycle over again.
The fruiting bodies found on a damp wood in forest floor litter are typically gregarious (growing together in groups, but not joined together).

 

The nests with disc-shaped peridioles inside