T.E.R:R.A.I.N - Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network


Penguin (Royal) Eudyptes schlegeli

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Sphenisciformes
Family: Spheniscidae
Genus: Eudyptes
Species: E. schlegeli
Binomial name: Eudyptes schlegeli
Common name: Royal penguin

Eudyptes schlegeli is a species of penguin, which can be found on the sub-Antarctic Macquarie Island and adjacent islands. 
Eudyptes schlegeli have a white face and chin. They are 65–76 cm long and weigh 3–8 kg. Males are larger than females. They breed only on Macquarie Island and, like other penguins, spend much of their time at sea.
Royal penguins nest on beaches or on bare areas on slopes covered with vegetation. Like most seabirds they are colonial, nesting in scrapes on the ground up to a mile inland. The breeding season begins in September with laying starting in October. Most of the time, two eggs are laid, however, only one survives. The egg is kept warm by both parents for 35 days. This is done by rotating 12-day shifts. After hatching, the male watches out for the chick for 10 to 20 days and the female brings food for both of them. Around 20 days, the chicks will form a home for warmth and safety. The parents continue to feed it two to three times a day. When the chick is about 65 days old it will have its adult feathers and goes on its own.
Royal penguins feed on krill, fish, and small amounts of squid. They build their nest by making a shallow hole in the sand or in a weeded area. They put plants and stones inside the nest.
Royal penguins as a species are classified as near threatened by the IUCN, with high risk of endangerment in the wild. Historically they were hunted for their oil; between 1870 and 1919 the government of Tasmania issuing licences for hunting them, with an average of 150,000 penguins (both royal and king) being taken each year. At the peak of the industry in 1905, the plant established on Macquarie Island was processing 2000 penguins at a time, with each penguin yielding about half a litre of oil. Since the end of penguin hunting on Macquarie the numbers have climbed to 850,000 pairs. Before hunting started, there were three million penguins on the island (both royal and king).

Eudyptes schlegeli (Gannet)
Photo courtesy of Tamzin Henderson@ https://www.tamzinnz.com/ 

Thanks to Wikipedia for text and information http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/